The state controls all media with nationwide reach, including radio, the most influential medium outside the capital.
The only daily newspaper, Jornal de Angola, and the terrestrial TV service TPA are state-owned and rarely criticise the government.
State-run Radio Nacional de Angola (RNA) is the only outlet to offer programmes in indigenous languages such as Bantu. Private stations operate in cities, including Catholic Radio Ecclesia, but RNA is the only broadcaster with near-national coverage.
The constitution provides for freedom of expression.
Nonetheless, the authorities impede the work of journalists and security forces have targeted reporters, especially those covering anti-government protests and corruption, says US-based NGO Freedom House.
One of Africa’s major oil producers, Angola is striving to tackle the physical, social and political legacy of a 27-year civil war that ravaged the country after independence.
Following the withdrawal of the Portuguese colonial masters in 1975, the rival former independence movements competed for power until 2002.
Much of Angola’s oil wealth lies in Cabinda province, where a decades-long separatist conflict simmers.
The government has sent thousands of troops to subdue the rebellion in the enclave, which has no border with the rest of Angola. Human rights groups have alleged abuses against civilians.
The Republic of Angola
Population: 24.3 million
Major Languages: Portuguese (official), Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo
Life expectancy: 50 years (men), 53 years (women)
Currency: Kwanza (1 ZAR = 12.3 AOA)
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