Radio is the medium of choice, reaching rural areas where most Ethiopians live.
Although the state controls most broadcasting outlets, including the sole national TV network, there is a handful of private radio stations.
Some opposition groups beam into Ethiopia using hired shortwave radio transmitters overseas.
The number of privately-owned newspapers has grown; some are available online. Press circulation is largely confined to the literate urban elite.
The private press offers quite different reporting to state-owned newspapers and routinely criticises the government.
The relationship between the press and officials has sometimes been difficult. A “legislative arsenal”, including anti-terror laws, has eroded “the democratic space and freedom of expression”, said media rights group Reporters Without Borders in 2012.
Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest independent country and its second largest in terms of population. Apart from a five-year occupation by Mussolini’s Italy, it has never been colonised.
It has a unique cultural heritage, being the home of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church – one of the oldest Christian churches – and a monarchy that ended only in the coup of 1974.
It served as a symbol of African independence throughout the colonial period, and was a founder member of the United Nations and the African base for many international organisations.
Ethiopia has suffered periodic droughts and famines that lead to a long civil conflict in the 20th Century and a border war with Eritrea.
Federal Democratic Republic of Ehtiopian
Capital: Addis Ababa
Population: 86.5 million
Languages: Amharic, Oromo, Tigrinya, Somali
Life expectancy: 58 years (men), 62 years (women)
Currency: Birr (1 ZAR = 1.6ETB)
African Media Landscape.
We provide access to targeted TV & Radio audiences across Sub-Saharan Africa.