Ghana enjoys a high degree of media freedom and the private press and broadcasters operate without significant restrictions.
The media are free to criticise the authorities without fear of reprisals, says Reporters Without Borders.
The private press is lively, and often carries criticism of government policy. Animated phone-in programmes are staple fare on many radio stations.
Radio is Ghana’s most popular medium, although it is being challenged by increased access to TV.
Scores of private FM stations crowd the dial; many of them are based in the main towns and cities. Most of them are chasing a limited amount of advertising revenue. State-run Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC) runs national TV and radio networks.
Ghana is considered one of the more stable countries in West Africa since its transition to multi-party democracy in 1992.
Formerly known as the Gold Coast, Ghana gained independence from Britain in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan nation to break free from colonial rule.
Gold, cocoa and more recently oil form the cornerstone of Ghana’s economy and helped fuel an economic boom.
Until recently Ghana was hailed as a model for African growth but since 2013, its economy has endured a growing public deficit, high inflation, and a weakening currency, resulting in its seeking an IMF bailout.
The Republic of Ghana
Population: 25.5 million
Major Languages: English, African Languages including Akan, Ewe
Life expectancy: 64 years (men), 66 years (women)
Currency: Cedi (1 ZAR = 0.3 GHS)
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