About Ivory Coast.
The government operates the outlets with the widest reach: two radio stations, two TV stations and the leading daily newspaper.
The media have been key players during conflicts – including during the 2011 civil war.
Media outlets were used as propaganda tools during the five-month military standoff between rival claimants to the presidency.
Since the end of the conflict, the media have largely steered clear of using inflammatory rhetoric.
State and non-state actors frequently threaten media workers, including carrying out physical attacks and closing outlets.
Radio is the most popular medium. UN peacekeepers launched Onuci FM in 2005. There are no private terrestrial TV stations, although satellite pay TV is available.
For more than three decades after its independence from France, Ivory Coast was known for its religious and ethnic harmony, as well as its well-developed economy.
The Western African country was hailed as a model of stability. But an armed rebellion in 2002 split the nation in two. Since then, peace deals have alternated with renewed violence as the country has slowly edged its way towards a political resolution of the conflict.
Despite the instability, Ivory Coast is the world’s largest exporter of cocoa beans and its citizens enjoy a relatively high level of income, compared to other countries in the region.
The Republic of Ivory Coast
Population: 20.6 million
Major Languages: French, Indigenous languages
Life expectancy: 55 years (men), 58 years (women)
Currency: CFA Franch (1 ZAR = 46.1 CFA)
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