Television is the most popular medium in towns and cities, with state-run TVM, the only national network, and private STV topping the ratings. Portuguese state TV’s African service, RTP Africa, and Brazilian-owned TV Miramar are widely-watched.
State-run Antena Nacional radio is a key source of news. Private FM stations operate in most towns. BBC World Service broadcasts to Maputo (95.5 FM), Beira (88.5 FM), Xai Xai (100.9 FM), Nampula (88.3 FM) and Quelimane (95.3 FM).
Dozens of community radio and TV stations are funded by the government and Unesco. Print titles have little influence in the countryside because of high levels of illiteracy.
The constitution protects media freedom, but criminal libel laws deter total freedom of expression. The opposition says it receives inadequate coverage in the state media.
Mozambique, which gained independence from Portugal in 1975, is still suffering from the effects of a 16-year civil war that ended in 1992.
Tensions remain between the ruling Frelimo party and the opposition former rebel movement Renamo and corruption has become a major concern.
The discovery of gas fields off Mozambique’s coast in 2011 is set to transform the economy of one of Africa’s poorest nations.
The Republic of Mozambique
Population: 24.5 million
Area: 812,379 sq km (313,661 sq miles)
Languages: Portuguese (official), several indigenous languages, including Makhuwa
Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Islam
Life expectancy: 50 years (men), 52 years (women)
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