Namibia is one of the more media-friendly countries in Africa.
The constitution provides for press freedom and on the whole this is respected by the government.
Media rights body Reporters Without Borders says there is “no major obstacle to the circulation of news”. US-based Freedom House says there are concerns about government influence over the state broadcaster, NBC.
Broadcasters and the private press give coverage to the opposition, including views critical of the government.
There are more than 20 private and community radio stations
Namibia, a large and sparsely populated country on Africa’s south-west coast, has enjoyed stability since gaining independence in 1990 after a long struggle against rule by South Africa.
Germany took control of the area which it called South West Africa in the late 1800s.
The discovery of diamonds in 1908 prompted an influx of Europeans.
South Africa seized it during the First World War and administered it under a League of Nations mandate.
Namibians achieved independence in 1990 after a bush war of almost 25 years. Inter-racial reconciliation encouraged the country’s white people to remain and they still play a major role in farming and other economic sectors.
The Republic of Windhoek
Population: 2.4 million
Major Languages: English (official), Afrikaans, German, Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
Life expectancy: 62 years (men), 63 years (women)
Currency: Namibian Dollar (1 ZAR = 1 NAD)
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