State TV and radio reach the largest audiences, and state-owned publications predominate in the print sector.
Radio – the main source of news – had a role in the 1994 genocide. Notorious “hate” station Radio Tele Libre Mille Collines (RTLM) was a vehicle for virulent anti-Tutsi propaganda.
Reporters Without Borders accused officials of “reinforcing news control” in the run-up to 2010 elections. The watchdog says government “hounding” of journalists “forces them into exile or often results in their arrest”.
Newspaper readership is limited and press titles often exercise self-censorship.
Rwanda, a small landlocked country in east-central Africa, is trying to recover from the ethnic strife that culminated in government-sponsored genocide in the mid-1990s.
In the genocide, an estimated 800,000 ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed by dominant Hutu forces in 100 days.
The country has struggled with its legacy of ethnic tension associated with the traditionally unequal relationship between the Tutsi minority and the majority Hutus.
Today, Rwanda is striving to rebuild its economy, with coffee and tea production among its main exports. The World Bank has praised Rwanda’s recent “remarkable development successes”, which it says have helped reduce poverty and inequality.
The Republic of Rwanda
Population: 11.2 million
Major Languages: Kinyarwanda, French & English (All Official), Swahili
Life expectancy: 54 years (men), 57 years (women)
Currency: Rwandan Franc (1 ZAR = 60.6 RWF)
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